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Cultural and historical memory in texts and practices

The concept of the cultural and historical memory is a complicated socio-historical phenomenon involving the reflection on the cultural and historical events and the respective experience (either real and/or imagined); a means for the translation and updating of the cultural meanings instrumental in a subject’s identification. However, memory does not exist without forgetting, therefore the study of the historical memory problems requires the analysis of the cultural mechanisms which in addition to preserving information (in the form of the cultural stereotypes, symbols, myths, rituals, images, etc.) are also pushing it out to the periphery of the collective and the individual consciousness. The memory “texts” find their reflection in literature and art, the whole purpose of the memoir and the documentary genres in literature is their preservation. In the new and the modern time they have been complemented by the basic national and supra-national historical myths, which are the product of the memory policy and the historical policy. Intentional reconstruction of the past by the authorities comes into an open or hidden conflict with the historical memory generated from “below”.

We plan to discuss the following aspects within this thematic section:

  1. the study of the mechanisms of the historical myths reconstruction by the authorities, as well as the means and the variants for the historical memory reformatting;
  2. identification of the roots and the sources of the peoples’ national memory about historic events;
  3. the study of the processes of the origination and the evolution of the images of the past in the collective, group, and the individual mind as reflected in art and literature.