|HISTORY OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE YAMAL ARCTIC IN THE 20th — 21st CENTURIES|
|Authors||Fedorova Natalia V.
||Topic||FROM THE HISTORY OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL|
|Summary||The history of archeological research of the Yamal Arctic and sub-Arctic is viewed in the light of social paradigms of the 20th and the 21st centuries. The author focused attention only on the general trends of the process. The initial “civilizational” paradigm resulted in a specific type of behavior, which can be described as the aboriginal population’s graves robbing. Beginning from the 1920‑s all archaeological research in the Yamal North were dominated by the “northern heroics” paradigm, i.e. the work of limited groups of archaeologists who often acted at their own risk. Nonetheless, it was during that time that the foundation for future research was laid, and V. N. Chernetsov performed the first general study of antiquities of the North of Western Siberia. “Big project” period (1990–2000-s) was characterized by large scale studies of the territory, multiannual excavations of archaeological sites, publication of archaeological sources in the form of monographs. Work under the first international project “Living Yamal” covering both archaeological research and the work on popularization of the cultural heritage of the Yamal peoples also belonged to that period. Finally, at the present stage a regional archaeological research center in Salekhard was established and the long-term Okrug Archaeological Research Program was adopted.|
|Keywords||Social paradigm, archaeological researches, era of “Great Projects”, regional center, Yamal|
Мурашко О. А., Кренке Н. А. Культура аборигенов Обдорского Севера в XIX веке. По археолого-этнографическим коллекциям Музея антропологии МГУ. М., 2001.
|Download in PDF|