Home/ Author Guide/ Thematic plan/ Communist Experiment in the USSR: What had it been?

Communist Experiment in the USSR: What had it been?

«Communist Experiment in the USSR: What had it been?» is a theme designated to call attention of historians, sociologists, and philosophers to long and widely debated issues trying to comprehend the Soviet history – those of defining the essence and meaning of the revolutionary political upheaval having performed in Russia in 1917; real (though hidden under an illusory cov-er of Communist utopia) nature of state and society which had emerged as a result of those dra-matic events; of evaluating the results of more than 70 years epoch of Russia’s history in terms of world civilizational development and in comparison with the regularity logic of the societal pro-gress which have been set in the Western-centric development pattern. Discussing these problems needs, in the first place, elucidating the relation of the Soviet epoch to the previous stages of the Russian history, in particular, to the contradictory late-Imperial epoch which, by amalgamating traditions and modernity, created a structurally distorted, but quite dynamic development pat-tern. Clarifying these historical connections will serve a key to comprehend: To what degree was the “switchover” of 1917 in trajectory of the country’s development lawful or occasional; in what measure did the Soviet system possess the resources of self-development beyond its policies of the permanently forced “revolutionary” onslaughts; in what substance are lying the sources of effectiveness and strength (especially at the historical moments being critical for the country’s survival) of the Soviet system, its deep-roots in the nation’s mentality, and in what facts are dis-playing the contradictions and weaknesses which led the whole system to collapse.