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The 20th – 21st century Russia: socio-demographic diagnosis

Speeding up or slowing down the pace of social development largely depends on the demographic indicators – population size, growth rate, sex, age, marriage, family structures, condition of mental and physical health. Demographic structure affects demographic processes and themselves are the result of the action of these processes in the past, they also give an idea about the demographic situation at a specific point in historical time. The study of demographic structures is similar to the study of demographic processes in a cohort or in a historical perspective, because it consists of examining the changes occurring over time in the population as a whole (country and regional levels), in separate generations, and at the micro level – in family. On the basis of complex reconstruction of the population as a system and analysis of qualitative and quantitative change of demographic structures, it is assumed to identify the main trends and regional differences of demographic processes, to present the results of a study of the evolution of demographic structures in terms of demographic modernization, to assess the impact of modernization on the direction of the historical strategies of Russia's demographic development of and the course of demographic transition in certain territories of the country.