Issue 4 (45)

Year 2014 Number 4(45)
Pages 33-40 Type scientific article
UDC 94(429) BBK 63.3(4Âåë 6)
Authors Nechayeva Aleksandra A.
Summary The article studies the problem of the use of historic memory for establishing a new political institute. Ideology of modern Western society is actively “studying” and implementing new historical motifs in an attempt to lend meaning to the realities of modern life. The paper analyses main cultural symbols which had a paramount importance for the Welsh identity. Among the first order national symbols one could name the Welsh flag, the leek (and the narcissus which took its place), the Welsh language, and Eisteddfod. The symbols of the second order were the famous historical persons (Saint David, King Arthur, Owain Glyndŵr, David Lloyd George, etc.) and “memory sites” (Cardiff, Snowdonia, Caernarfon, St. David's Cathedral and places associated with O. Glyndŵr). In the light of these symbol's study it becomes possible to better understand the cross influencesbetween the historical memory and the pre-revolution reform. The author came to a conclusion that the political elite of Wales benefited from the period of active references to the historical memory, however in future it is necessary to look for other mechanisms of consolidation of society.
Keywords Wales, historical memory, identity, devolution, Eisteddfod, Owain Glyndwr, D. Lloyd George, Welsh flag

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