Issue 3 (40)

Year 2013 Number 3(40)
Pages 20-29 Type scientific article
UDC 930.2 BBK 63.01(2)
Authors Zubkov Konstantin I.
Summary The article is meant to provide an analysis of the German Cameralism in the context of the historical conditions of the 17th–18th centuries, bringing to light its geopolitical, societal, and intellectual characteristics. The content of the cameralist doctrine is presented based on the critical analysis of various ambiguous and disputable views on it’s nature in the literature on the subject of later periods. Signifi cant attention is paid to the central concept of cameralism — Policeywissenschaft — which is conceived now as a prototype for the modern ‘welfare state’ policies and other promising ideas elaborated within the institutional approach to the national economy. In close relation to the historical review of the Cameralism concept, a new perspective is proposed for explaining the social nature of the absolutist states of the 17th–18th centuries as being a ‘symbiotic’ societal order not evolving into capitalism in a straightforward way but rather laying the preconditions for it through the forced and state-led transformation of social structures. Thus, the Cameralism idea is viewed as an early attempt to create an organized society by the state’s efforts. It is argued that such a way of societal evolution was an inherent feature of the Enlightenment’s social philosophy.
Keywords cameralism, Policeywissenschaft, state, society, politics, absolutism

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