Issue 3 (60)

MONGOLIAN CULTURAL HERITAGE IN UNESCO LISTS: AESTHETICS OF STEPPE MOBILITY
Year 2018 Number 3(60)
Pages 50-56 Type scientific article
UDC 39(517.3) BBK 63.3(5)
Authors Zhambalova Sesegma G.
Topic MOBILITIES AND DYNAMICS IN ANTHROPOLOGY AND ETHNOLOGY
Summary The cultural elements of the Mongolian state which have been officially recognized as the masterpieces of the wold culture offer good evidence of the feasibility of nomadic way of life in the post-industrial society. Over the period following 2003 18 objects from Mongolia have been added to the UNESCO World Heritage and the Intangible Cultural Heritage lists, moreover, all of them are associated with the movement mentality and serve as good examples of the aesthetics of steppe mobility. These include the steppe landscapes, the sacred mountains worship practices, a yurt, falconry practices, festivals, rituals, musical instruments, songs, dances, and the Mongolian calligraphy. All objects are authentic, functional and in demand; some require immediate protection. The presence of the Mongolian cultural objects in the UNESCO lists contributes to the growth of the international prestige of the country and the tourism industry development. The cultural heritage of the nomads and modern travelers (the neo-nomads) is united by the phenomenon of mobility. The country attracts the neo-nomads with its pristine nature and the unique way of life. This gives a potential for the mutually beneficial alliance: tourism is based on the cultural heritage of the Mongols, while the development of tourism contributes to the preservation and the translation of the nomadic traditions. The efforts of the Mongolian government aimed at the global promotion of its cultural heritage foster the preservation and the revival of the unique cultural level of the Central Asian steppe nomads, which was almost completely lost in other countries of the region.
Keywords Mongolian state, cultural heritage, UNESCO, the nomadic way of life, movement an-thropology, aesthetics steppe, mobility, neo-nomadism
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