Issue 3 (60)

Year 2018 Number 3(60)
Pages 50-56 Type scientific article
UDC 39(517.3) BBK 63.3(5)
Authors Zhambalova Sesegma G.
Summary The cultural elements of the Mongolian state which have been officially recognized as the masterpieces of the wold culture offer good evidence of the feasibility of nomadic way of life in the post-industrial society. Over the period following 2003 18 objects from Mongolia have been added to the UNESCO World Heritage and the Intangible Cultural Heritage lists, moreover, all of them are associated with the movement mentality and serve as good examples of the aesthetics of steppe mobility. These include the steppe landscapes, the sacred mountains worship practices, a yurt, falconry practices, festivals, rituals, musical instruments, songs, dances, and the Mongolian calligraphy. All objects are authentic, functional and in demand; some require immediate protection. The presence of the Mongolian cultural objects in the UNESCO lists contributes to the growth of the international prestige of the country and the tourism industry development. The cultural heritage of the nomads and modern travelers (the neo-nomads) is united by the phenomenon of mobility. The country attracts the neo-nomads with its pristine nature and the unique way of life. This gives a potential for the mutually beneficial alliance: tourism is based on the cultural heritage of the Mongols, while the development of tourism contributes to the preservation and the translation of the nomadic traditions. The efforts of the Mongolian government aimed at the global promotion of its cultural heritage foster the preservation and the revival of the unique cultural level of the Central Asian steppe nomads, which was almost completely lost in other countries of the region.
Keywords Mongolian state, cultural heritage, UNESCO, the nomadic way of life, movement an-thropology, aesthetics steppe, mobility, neo-nomadism

Breslavsky A. S. [Ulaanbaatar and the post-socialist suburban revolution]. Aziya i Afrika segodnya [Asia and Africa today], 2017, no. 1, pp. 53–56. (in Russ.).

Dakhin S. D. Sokhraneniye material’nogo kul’turnogo naslediya v polietnichnom regione: istoriko-kul’turnyy analiz: avtoref. kand. diss. [Preservation of a material cultural heritage in polyethnic region: the historical and cultural analysis: Abst. Diss. Cand.]. Astrakhan, 2012. Available at: (accessed: 19.10.2015). (in Russ.).

Golovnev A. V. [Migration, travel and neo-nomadism]. Ural’skij istoriceski vestnik [Ural Historical Journal], 2014, no. 4 (45), pp. 122–126. (in Russ.).

Golovnev A. V. Antropologiya dvizheniya (drevnosti Severnoy Evrazii) [Anthropology of movement (antiquity of the North Eurasia)]. Ekaterinburg: UrO RAN; “Volot” Publ., 2009, 496 p. (in Russ.).

Khazanov A. M. Kochevniki i vneshniy mir. Izd. 3-ye, dop. [Nomads and the Outside World. Ed. 3rd, add.]. Almaty: Dayk-Press, 2002, 604 p. (in Russ.).

Kyrgys Z. K. Gorlovoye peniye kak tselostnoye yavleniye traditsionnoy muzykal’noy kul’tury tuvintsev: avtoref. dokt. diss. [Throat singing as an integral phenomenon of the traditional musical culture of Tuvanians: Abst. Diss. Doct.]. Novosibirsk, 2007, 44 p. (in Russ.).

Levykin S. V. [Importance of virgin lands from the aesthetic point of view]. Izvestiya Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta [Proceedings of the Orenburg State Agrarian University], 2006, no. 3, pp. 154–156. (in Russ.).

Likhachev D. S. [Declaration of the rights of culture]. Razdum’ya o Rossii [Reflections on Russia]. Saint Petersburg: Logos Publ., 1999, pp. 635–640. (in Russ.).

Lishaev S. A. Estetika prostranstva [Aesthetics of space]. Saint Petersburg, 2015, 288 p. Available at: (accessed: 27.12.2017). (in Russ.).

Maidar D., Pyurveev D. B. Ot kochevoy do mobil’noy arkhitektury [From nomadic to mobile architecture]. Moscow: Stroyizdat Publ., 1980, 215 p. (in Russ.).

Monkhtuvshin S. [Some features of the Mongolian folk games]. Vestnik Buryatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [The Buryat State University Bulletin], 2014, no. 8, pp. 65–66. (in Russ.).

Oktyabrskaya I. V. [The development of the cultural heritage concept: the worldwide and Russian experience]. Vestnik Novosibirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya istoriya, filologiya [Bulletin of Novosibirsk State University. Series: history, philology], 2013, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 20–31. (in Russ.).

Suhbaatar D., Bumaa D. [National museum of Mongolia: problems of preservation and promotion of historical and cultural heritage in the context of inbound tourism]. Etnokul’turnoye naslediye Sibiri i turizm: problemy i perspektivy: materialy mezhregion. nauch.-prakt. konf. [Ethnocultural heritage of Siberia and tourism: problems and perspectives: Materials of the Interregion. Scien.-Practical. Conf.]. Ulan-Ude: BGSKHA Publ., 2015, pp. 8–12. (in Russ.).

Tuvaanzhav S. Prodol’naya fleyta tsuur v traditsionnoy muzykal’noy kul’ture Zapadnoy Mongolii (ustroystvo, bytovaniye, naigryshi): kand. diss. [Longitudinal flute tsouur in the traditional musical culture of Western Mongolia (device, existence, plays): Diss. Cand.]. Saint Petersburg, 2017, 173 p. (in Russ.).

Download in PDF