Issue 4

STATE, NOBILITY AND SOCIAL MOBILIZATION IN 18th CENTURY RUSSIA
Year 2018 Number 4(61)
Pages 14-21 Type scientific article
UDC 94(470)“17” BBK 63.3(2)51
Authors Kiselev Mikhail A.
Bugrov Konstantin D.
Topic SOCIAL MOBILIZATIONS IN THE RUSSIAN HISTORY
Summary The paper deals with the issue of social mobilizations, taking the formation of noble social corporation in 18th century Russia as an example. The authors in their study of mobilizations put an emphasis on goal-setting, and therefore, instead of understanding of state and/or Nobility as monolithic actors, to view such actors as organizations, with the important capacity of mobilizing resources. On this methodologic basis the authors analyze the process of formation of Noble corporation in Russia. One of the important results of Petrine cultural reforms was the emergence of new understanding of Nobility as unity possessing collective marker (honor), replacing older vision of Nobility as multiple of kin possessing their own, unique honor. However, Peter’s military rule only created concept of united Nobility, but did not provided it with its own organization — an attempt to install noble self-rule failed. The creation of Nobility organization (that is, estate corporation) was the result of actions of post-Petrine elites which, in the context of overall social stabilization, managed to elaborate specific mobilization strategy, interpreting Petrine concepts of united Nobility in a specific way. Thus, corporate rights and privileges that were abundantly granted to Nobility in the 2nd half of 18th century were not the result of struggle between the State and Nobility, but the result of a mobilization undertaken by power elite, which had distinct vision of Nobility and which used the organization might of the state to implement it.
Keywords mobilization, state, society, Nobility, Peter I, westernization, modernization
References

Abrams Ph. Notes on the Difficulty of Studying the State. Journal of Historical Sociology, 1988, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 58–89. (in English).

Demidova N. F. [Bureaucratization of the state absolutism in the 17th–18th centuries]. Absolyutizm v Rossii (XVII–XVIII vv.) [Absolutism in Russia (17th–18th centuries)]. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1964, pp. 206–242. (in Russ.).

Faizova I. V. “Manifest o vol’nosti” i sluzhba dvoryanstva v XVIII stoletii [“Manifesto of Liberty” and the service of the Nobility in the 18th century]. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1999, 221 p. (in Russ.).

Fedyukin I. “Westernizations” from Peter I to Meiji: War, Political Competition, and Institutional Change. Theory and Society, 2018, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 207–231. (in English).

Granitsy i markery sotsial’noy stratifikatsii Rossii XVII–XX vv.: vektory issledovaniya [Borders and markers of social stratification of Russia 17th–20th centuries: vectors of research]. Saint Petersburg: Aleteyya Publ., 2018, 722 p. (in Russ.).

Kiselev M. A. [The 1762 manifesto of the freedom of Nobility: reconstruction of the history of the text]. Rossiiskaia Istoria [Russian History], 2014, no. 4, pp. 37–52. (in Russ.).

Kurukin I. V., Plotnikov A. B. 19 yanvarya — 25 fevralya 1730 goda: sobytiya, lyudi, dokumenty [January 19 — February 25, 1730: events, people, documents]. Moscow: Kvadriga; Obˮyedinonnaya redaktsiya MVD Rossii Publ., 2010, 280 p. (in Russ.).

Le Donne J. P. The Eighteenth-Century Russian Nobility: Bureaucracy or Ruling Class? Cahiers du Monde Russe et Soviétique [Notebooks of the Russian and Soviet World], 1993, vol. 34, no. 1–2, pp. 139–147. (in English).

Marasinova E. N. [The liberty of Russian Nobility: Peter’s III manifesto and the legislation of Catherine II)]. Rossiiskaia Istoria [Russian History], 2007, no. 4, pp. 21–33. (in Russ.).

Medushevsky A. N. Utverzhdeniye absolyutizma v Rossii. Sravnitel’noye istoricheskoye issledovaniye [The assertion of absolutism in Russia. Comparative historical research]. Moscow: Text Publ., 1994, 320 p. (in Russ.).

North D., Wallis D., Weingast B. Nasiliye i sotsial’nyye poryadki. Kontseptual’nyye ramki dlya interpretatsii pis’mennoy istorii chelovechestva [Violence and social orders. A conceptual framework for interpreting the written history of humanity]. Moscow: Institut Gaydara Publ., 2011, 480 p. (in Russ.).

Panchenko A. M. [The beginning of Peter’s reform: the ideological background]. XVIII vek [18th century]. Leningrad: Nauka Publ., 1989, collection 16, pp. 5–16. (in Russ.).

Polskoy S. V. [Nobility constitutionalism in Russia 18th — early 19th century]. Voprosy istorii [Issues of History], 2011, no. 6, pp. 27–42. (in Russ.).

Skocpol T. State and Revolution: Old Regimes and Revolutionary Crises in France, Russia, and China. Theory and Society, 1979, vol. 7, no. 1/2, pp. 7–95. (in English).

Troitsky S. M. Rossiya v XVIII veke. Sbornik statey i publikatsiy [Russia in the 18th century. Collection of articles and publications]. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1982, 256 p. (in Russ.).

Troitsky S. M. Russkiy absolyutizm i dvoryanstvo v XVIII veke (formirovaniye byurokratii) [Russian absolutism and Nobility in the 18th century (the formation of bureaucracy)]. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1974, 396 p. (in Russ.).

Zayonchkovsky P. A. Pravitel’stvennyy apparat samoderzhavnoy Rossii v XIX v. [The government apparatus of autocratic Russia in the 19th century]. Moscow: Mysl’ Publ., 1978, 288 p. (in Russ.).

 
Download in PDF