Issue 2 (63)

Year 2019 Number 2(63)
Pages 22-30 Type scientific article
UDC 821.161.1 BBK 83.3(2)
Authors Proskurina Elena N.
Borisova Alisa B.
Summary A. Platonov’s story “Thirst of the beggar” (1920) is included in the corpus of his early utopian texts. This work is a complex ideological synthesis, reflected in the fusion of genre models. Applying cultural-historical, contextual, motivating methods of research, the authors come to the conclusion that, in its main task, the story is read as a test of utopian ideas of the revolutionary era, which ended with their debunking. The chosen perspective makes it possible to view the story as one of the original sources of cultural-historical memory of the key event in Russia of the past century — the October Revolution of 1917. The “head”, “intellectual” beginning of speculative constructions is intertwined in the text with the hero’s emotional response, who simultaneously experiences feelings of attraction and repulsion in relation to the “sterile” “kingdom of consciousness”. To reflect this contradiction, Platonov builds the plot as a double vision of the hero, organized according to the “matryoshka” principle — a dream within a dream. Intonational features of the story bring to a key place the inner position of the hero-visionary in relation to the man-made future of humankind. Parable elements affect the corresponding reading of “Thirst of the beggar” within the framework of an instructive genre, while intensifying the communicative function of the work. Thus, the story overcomes its status as a private “site of memory” and enhances its socio-historical sounding. The story turns into a kind of literary conductor from the past to the future, warning against the recurring model of the “eternal return” historical plot.
Keywords cultural and historical memory, A. Platonov, “Thirst of the beggar”, revolutionary philosophy, utopia, plot, motive

Bogdanov A. A. Tektologiya: Vseobshchaya organizatsionnaya nauka [Tectology: General organizational science]. Moscow: Ekonomika Publ., 1989, book 1, 304 p. (in Russ.).

Dyakov D. A. [Philosophy of technology in the work of Andrei Platonov]. Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Seriya Istoriya i filologiya [Bulletin of Udmurt University. History and Philology Series], 2014, no. 4, pp. 50–57. (in Russ.).

Evlampiev I. I., Kolychev P. M. [Personality and Being: the metaphysic of man in prose of A. Platonov and its sources]. Voprosy filosofii [Voprosy Filosofii], 2014, no. 3, pp. 112–122. (in Russ.).

Faizrahmanova A. A. [Typology of the literary utopia genre]. Vestnik Chelyabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Chelyabinsk State University Bulletin], 2010, no. 13 (194), iss. 43, pp. 136–145. (in Russ.).

Fedorov N. F. Sochineniya [Works]. Moscow: Mysl’ Publ., 1982, 711 p. (in Russ.).

Goncharov S. A. [Mythological imagery of literary utopia]. Literatura i fol’klor. Voprosy poetiki [Literature and folklore. Problems of poetics]. Volgograd: VGPI Publ., 1990, pp. 39–48. (in Russ.).

Kaminsky K. [“Electroskaz” in the works of Andrei Platonov and Mikhail Volkov]. Strana Filosofov Andreya Platonova: problemy tvorchestva [Andrei Platonov’s country of philosophers: problems of creativity]. Moscow: IMLI RAN Publ., 2017, iss. 8, pp. 33–41. (in Russ.).

Kovtun N. V. Russkaya literaturnaya utopiya vtoroy poloviny XX veka [Russian literary utopia of the second half of the 20th century]. Moscow: Flinta Publ., 2014, 351 p. (in Russ.).

Malygina N. M. Khudozhestvennyy mir Andreya Platonova [Andrei Platonov artistic world]. Moscow: MPU Publ., 1995, 96 p. (in Russ.).

Penkina N. V. Filosofskiye idei prozy Andreya Platonova: problema cheloveka [The philosophical ideas of Andrei Platonov prose: the problem of man]. Nizhnevartovsk: Izd-vo nizhnevart. gumanit. un-ta Publ., 2012, 104 p. (in Russ.).

Proskurina E. N. Poetika misterial’nosti v proze Andreya Platonova kontsa 20-kh30-kh godov [The poetics of the mystery in Andrei Platonov prose of the late 20s–30s]. Novosibirsk: Sibirskiy khronograf Publ., 2001, 258 p. (in Russ.).

Proskurina E. N. Faustiana Andreya Platonova (na materiale prozy 1920-kh 1930-kh godov) [Andrei Platonov’s Faustiana (on the material of the prose of the 1920s–1930s)]. Moscow: Novyy khronograf Publ., 2015, 350 p. (in Russ.).

Proskurina E. N. [Spiritual tradition in Andrei Platonov’s heritage: between attraction and repulsion]. Kul’tura i tekst [Culture and text], 2016, no. 1, pp. 75–92. (in Russ.).

Tolstaya-Segal E. [Platonov’s ideological contexts]. Andrey Platonov. Mir tvorchestva [Andrei Platonov. The world of creativity]. Moscow: Sovremennyy pisatel’ Publ., 1994, pp. 47–83. (in Russ.).

Tyupa V. I. [Narrative strategy of the parable in the literary tradition]. Pritcha v russkoy slovesnosti: ot Srednevekov’ya k sovremennosti [Parable in Russian literature: from the Middle Ages to the present]. Novosibirsk: RITs NGU Publ., 2014, pp. 34–78. (in Russ.).

Varlamov A. Andrey Platonov [Andrei Platonov]. Moscow: Molodaya gvardiya Publ., 2011, 546 p. (in Russ.).

Vasilyev I. E., Kovtun N. V., Proskurina E. N. [The project of the world transformation and the Russian prose of the early 20th century (Bogdanov and Platonov)]. Sibirskiy filologicheskiy zhurnal [Siberian Journal of Philology], 2013, no. 2, pp. 129–140. (in Russ.).

Download in PDF